Lanzarote

Lanzarote is the easternmost island in the Canary Island archipelago. It is between the latitudes 28° 14’ and 28° 49’ N and the longitudes 7° 13’ and 7° 41’, 1,000 km southeast of the Iberian Peninsula, and approximately 100 km west of Morocco.

The most important characteristic of Lanzarote weather is its dryness. This is due to its low altitude and homogeneous orography, qualities that stop it from reaching the trade wind inversion height, and therefore the sea does not block clouds nor is moisture dumped on Lanzarote the way it is on most of the Canary Islands. Other factors that determine the dryness of some parts of the island to a lesser extent are its orientation and proximity to the African continent.

Wine is grown in areas where the soil was covered by a significantly thick layer of lapilli.

These circumstances occurred in areas close to the central vents, especially those erupting between 1730 and 1736. Wine is grown in Lanzarote by digging a hole 3 m in diameter, 2-2.5 m deep, until the buried soil is found, where the vine is planted with deep root systems. Frequently, the hole is accompanied by a rock structure that acts as a windbreaker to protect the plant. These two things together create a winegrowing landscape that is unique to Lanzarote, one that is best expressed in La Geria.

This way of growing does not allow for the use of machinery, so the work is done manually. It also makes using high planting densities impossible with the limited yield that this entails, obtaining small, but high-quality productions.

Wines with designated origin Lanzarote are characterized by having a marked volcanic-mineral taste perfectly balanced with the relatively high acidity they offer

There is great diversity of wine grapes on the island. White grapes predominate, with the volcanic malvasia being the most commonly grown. This is an indigenous variety that is used in the majority of wines with designated origin Lanzarote, perfectly adapted to the soil and climate conditions of the island and in which the dual acidity/volcanic-mineral taste by extension determine the distinguishing feature of these wines.

There is no doubt–in a sub-desert climate, like the one in Lanzarote, sharpened by the scorching Saharan winds and volcanic soil–the promotion of viticulture as a living being requires acuity, tenacity, and originality. That’s why Lanzarote is home to the most unique vineyards in Spain, some with vines buried in a funnel shape so that the roots find fertile soil, others protected from winds by semi-circular walls of volcanic rock. All of them are cushioned by a layer of volcanic ash (picón or lapilli), so that it retains the hygroscopic moisture.

This method of growing allows the vines to survive in volcanic soil and has allowed for the presence of an indigenous grape variety, the volcanic malvasia, and the adaptation of the different wine grape varieties that give the wines the volcanic-mineral/acidity balance that is perfectly achieved and constitutes the distinguishing feature of wine from Lanzarote.

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